Tuesday, September 20, 2016

Lalibela (former Roha) @ÄTät@ Gondar >>>> royal capital of Ethiopia from 1666 to 1864 :::: This Forgotten Gnostic God Could be the Cure for Today’s Idiocracy ~ September 20, 2016 Article by M.C. @ÄTät@ The God Above God D.C. :::: Girodano Bruno M. Gesellschaft ::::


Lalibela (Ethiopia)

Formerly known as Roha, the northern Ethiopian town of Lalibela is one of the country's holiest cities, second only to Axum. Like a fortress, it sits high in the basalt mountains of northern Ethiopia, where it has for over one thousand years served as a major stronghold and centre of worship for Ethiopia’s Orthodox Christian community. Unlike Axum, very nearly 100% of Lalibela’s population is Christian, and the town has become for many Ethiopians an important site of pilgrimage, its remote location and relative inaccessibility contributing to its appeal. Unlike many temple sites of a similar character in other countries, Lalibela is still very much an active site of worship. Worshippers arrive at Lalibela throughout the year, though in the greatest numbers during the major religious festivals, when the local pilgrims greatly outnumber the foreign visitors. Lalibela’s history is long and fascinating. The town was originally conceived of as a New Jerusalem, built in response to the capture of the real Jerusalem by Saladin’s armies in the late 12th century. Many of Lalibela’s historic buildings are named after, or designed to resemble, the monuments of Jerusalem. Its most famous structures, however, are distinctly Ethiopian creations. Like the older churches of Tigray, Lalibela’s monolithic rock churches are carved directly into the ground, from the top-down, in a technique not practised anywhere else in the world. The Church of St. George (or Bete Giyorgis) is the most stunning example of this technique. Though the exact age of the Lalibela churches is not agreed upon, most are thought to have been built during the reign of King Lalibela in the late 12th to early 13th century, though some are said to be older. There are 13 churches in total, assembled into two main groups and connected by a network of subterranean tunnels. Collectively, these churches are now considered a UNESCO world heritage site. But it’s important to remember that this is very much a living, breathing town, and not an historical relic. Nowhere in Ethiopia does the spirituality of its people echo louder than in Lalibela. 

In and around Lalibela, Ethiopia
You can visit the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela throughout the year, but do keep in mind that tours can only take place with an Ethiopian guide—you cannot explore independently. The churches of Lalibela are divided into two main groups, both of which can be rushed around in a day as part of a guided tour, but we recommend that you try to spend at least two days in the region allowing more time to explore.
There are other sites of interest in Lalibela, many of them overlooked. Beyond the main monoliths, you’ll also find the twelfth-century church of Yimrehane Kiristos, which has been built into a cave in a similar fashion to the Gheralta rock churches; often skipped on guided tours of Lalibela, it's well worth taking a morning to visit this remote site. Also of note is the monastery of Asheton Maryam. A short journey from Lalibela, this isolated hill monastery can be reached on foot or by mule in what is a great half-day adventure. Keen walkers will be excited to know that it’s possible to trek into the highlands surrounding Lalibela, following some of the old pilgrimage routes. It’s a much less popular area to trek than the Simien or Bale Mountains, but for those who really want to get off-the-beaten-track, it’s perfect. You can even build in some relatively easy 4,000m-plus mountain ascents (non-technical). We don't currently have any published itineraries that include trekking in Lalibela, but we can prepare a tailor-made tour on request - just ask. Ethiopia is not known for its beautiful accommodation, but some of the country’s most unique lodges are located within the Lalibela region. Tukul Village is a charming small lodge where you sleep in traditional African rondavels, while the Mountain View Hotel is a stylish, minimalist lodge with a design as stark as the surrounding landscape.

Accommodation in Lalibela (Ethiopia)

Tukul Village in Lalibela, Ethiopia
Situated within walking distance of Lalibela’s famous rock churches, Tukul Village is the region’s best hotel, offering comfortable accommodation and attentive service.

Other regions in Ethiopia

Axum is a city in northern Ethiopia named after the ancient Kingdom of Aksum, a naval trading power that ruled from 400 BC into the 10th century. We offer private tours of Axum as part of our guided Ethiopia Historic Route tours.

The city of Bahir Dar is located on the southern shores of Lake Tana, in Ethiopia's northern Amhara region. The region is famous for the beautiful monasteries and churches that populate the thirty-seven islands of Lake Tana, many of which are accessible by boat.

The Bale Mountains constitute a 2,400 sq km national park in the Ethiopia Highlands, home to a diverse array of flora and fauna. They provide marvellous trekking territory, though they are somewhat overshadowed by the Simien Mountains to the north.

The Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes form the northernmost section of the African Rift Valley. In central Ethiopia the Great Rift Valley splits the Ethiopian highlands into northern and southern halves, and the Ethiopian Rift Valley lakes occupy the floor of the rift valley between the two highlands.

Gondar, formerly the royal capital of Ethiopia from 1666 to 1864, was founded by Emperor Fasiladas in 1635. The town is famous for its many medieval castles and churches. The oldest of these structures are located in the 15th-century Royal Enclosure built by Fasiladas.

Harar is an important Muslim holy city, home to no fewer than 90 mosques. Though it lacks the historic marvels of Gondar and Axum, Harar is one of Ethiopia's liveliest, most welcoming cities.

The Omo River Valley in south-western Ethiopia presents a dramatic contrast to Ethiopia's northern highlands. Removed from the dominant Christian/Islamic traditions of northern Ethiopia, the southern valleys are populated by a mix of tribal communities, each with their own unique customs and appearance. Tribal tours are the main attraction of the south, but Omo also contains Ethiopia's best, and remotest, wildlife parks.

The Simien Mountains, which include Ras Deshen (Ethiopia's highest mountain), are located in the north-western corner of the country. Now a world heritage site, the Simiens boast some of Africa's most stunningly beautiful mountain scenery. Our trekking routes into the Simiens take you far from the regular tourist trails.

Tigray is Ethiopia's best-kept secret. This northernmost region of the country was the birthplace of Ethiopia's Axumite Empire, and among the first regions to have embraced Christianity, a heritage still visible in the numerous rock churches that dot the rugged landscape.

Example itineraries in Lalibela

Ethiopia's Historic Route pdf itinerary
This guided Historic Route tour visits Axum, Lalibela, Lake Tana, Bahir Dar and Gondar. The programme can be extended to include more elements, such as the rock churches of Tigray, the Rift Valley lakes, Omo Valley and southern Ethiopia, and the Bale and Simien Mountains.

:::: Article Source = A.S. @ÄTät@ https://www.ganeandmarshall.com/destination/ethiopia/lalibela-.html

Why Brexit could be a warning

for American voters,

Trump & Clinton

This Forgotten Gnostic God 
Could be the Cure for 
Today’s Idiocracy
Giordano Bruno M. Gesellschaft 
Giordano Bruno 
* Januar 1548 in Nola
17. Februar 1600 in Rom 
(eigentlich: Filippo Bruno)
war ein italienischer Priester, Dichter, Philosoph und Astronom. Er wurde durch die Inquisition der Ketzerei und Magie für schuldig befunden und vom Gouverneur von Rom zum Tod auf dem Scheiterhaufen verurteilt. Am 12. März 2000 erklärte Papst Johannes Paul II. nach Beratung mit dem päpstlichen Kulturrat und einer theologischen Kommission, die Hinrichtung sei nunmehr auch aus kirchlicher Sicht als Unrecht zu betrachten. Bruno postulierte die Unendlichkeit des Weltraums und die ewige Dauer des Universums. Damit stellte er sich der damals herrschenden Meinung einer in Sphären untergliederten geozentrischen Welt entgegen. Viel schwerer wog damals, dass seine pantheistischen Thesen von einer unendlichen materiellen Welt keinen Raum für ein Jenseits ließen, da zeitliche Anfangslosigkeit des Universums eine Schöpfung und dessen ewiger Bestand ein Jüngstes Gericht ausschlossen.


Дом Народне Скупштине Србије

Beo/Bela/Belo [m./f./n.] (srpski)
:::: means :::: White  ::::
:::: & :::: Grad ::::
 means ::::: City

:::: Belgrade/Beograd/Београд is the capital & largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava & Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. Its name translates to "White city". The urban area of the City of Belgrade has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live within its administrative limits. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, & after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it Singidūn. ...
R.M. = Read More @ÄTät@ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgrade 

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