Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Diaspora Tigers & Serbian Organized Crime +++ Anti-Mafia Operations

  Diaspora Tigers & SerBIAN Organized Crime
 +++ 
Anti-Mafia Operations


Territory Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, European Union, North America, Australia
Ethnicity Serbs, Montenegrins
Criminal activities Arms trafficking, Assassination, Assault, Auto theft, Bank fraud, Bankruptcy, Blackmailing, Bribery, Car bombing, Contract killing, Drug trafficking, Extortion, Fraud, Human trafficking, Infiltration of Politics, Illegal gambling, Insurance fraud, Kidnapping, Military corruption, Military Equipment smuggling, Money laundering, Murder, Police corruption, Political corruption, Protection racket, Racketeering, Tax evasion, Theft, Witness intimidation, Witness tampering.

Serbian Organized Crime (Serbian: Cpпска мафија / Srpska Mafija, Serbian Mafia) are various criminal organizations based in Serbia or composed of ethnic Serbs in the Serbian Diaspora. The organizations are primarily involved in smuggling, arms trafficking, drug trafficking, protection rackets and illegal gambling.

The Mafia is composed of several major organized groups, which in turn have wider networks throughout Europe.

The Serbian Mafia gave many Serbs a "way out" of the economic disaster that occurred in the country following the implementation of internationally imposed sanctions against Serbia during the Yugoslav Wars. Serbian criminals have been recruited to state security forces, a notable example is Legija, a commander in Arkan's Tigers which after the war was re-labelled as the JSO (Red Berets), he also planned the assassination of Serbian Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić.[1]

The ethnic Serbian OC groups are organized in the horizontal manner and higher-ranked members are not necessarily coordinated by any leader.[1]

History


Čaruga

In the early 1900s, a known outlaw was Jovo Stanisavljević Čaruga, a hajduk from Slavonia (modern-day Croatia) who joined the 
"band of mountain birds" (Kolo Gorskih Ptića, tići) a group of robbers who ravaged the countryside of Slavonia. In 1991, the biographical film Čaruga was released. It was the last film ever produced in Yugoslavia.

Ljuba Zemunac was known as the "Godfather" of the Serbian Mafia during the 1970s and 1980s. He and his gang operated in Germany and Italy during this time.[2] He was assassinated in 1986 by the orders of his rival Goran Vuković "Majmun".

Joca Amsterdam operated in the Netherlands and became one of the most powerful gangsters through his elimination of rivals while working as a hitman and took over the drug trade in the Netherlands.[3] The drug that was smuggled was cocaine and it was obtained from contacts in Colombia[3] and earned Amsterdam the name the "Cocaine King".[4] He worked for "Duja" Bećirović as an underboss and later lived in Bulgaria where he successfully smuggled drugs until his arrest in 2002.[3] Upon returning to Serbia, he took over companies by force, utilizing the Surčin clan,[3] (one of three then most powerful "clans" of Belgrade). He was later involved in the 2008 car bombing of Croatian journalists Ivo Pukanić and Niko Franjić.

Later, gangster "Željko Ražnatović Arkan" was a successful bank robber in Western Europe during the 1970s. He had convictions and warrants in Belgium, the Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Italy. However, he managed to escape from several prisons and then made connections with several known criminals from Yugoslavia during his time there. In the 1980s he returned to Serbia where he became involved with illegal businesses and led the  
Red Star Belgrade supporters' group Delije Sever Ultras.[5]
The real breakthrough for criminal organizations in Serbia occurred in 1991, when the Yugoslav Wars erupted in Croatia and Bosnia. The Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks fought over territory in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. International sanctions were imposed on Serbia starting in 1991 and the Republic became economically isolated. The economic disaster prompted the breakthrough for criminal organizations. Desperate for money, many former-soldiers and youths turned to a life of crime.

In 1992, members of the "Peca" gang were arrested in a massive police-operation. One of the gang's members was Dušan Spasojević, who later became the head of the Zemun clan.[6] A young mobster from Vozdovac, Aleksandar Knežević "Knele", was murdered in October of that year, prompting a brief, but violent Gang War in Belgrade. He was the son of Belgrade gangster "Buca Al Kapone".[6]

Željko Ražnatović Arkan was the founder and leader of the Serb Volunteer Guard (Arkan's Tigers), a Serb paramilitary unit that fought during the Yugoslav Wars. The unit's members were mostly newly-recruited Red Star Belgrade hooligans and gangsters from Serbia.[5] Those who joined the unit profited on the battlefields by looting and stealing. Arkan later founded the Party of Serbian Unity in 1993. By the time that he returned from the battlefields of Croatia, he had become the most powerful member of the Serbian Mafia. He soon married Turbo-Folk singer Ceca, who was the most popular singer in Serbia.[7]

Slobodan Milošević, the President of Serbia, protected the Mafia in exchange for political favours, thus being in direct connection with their activities. At the time, the Mafia profited by smuggling cigarettes, alcohol and oil. Businessman Stanko Subotić was the person that made the largest profit at this time, as cigarettes and oil were in such high demand because of the sanctions. Subotić's net worth is estimated to be €650 million.[8] After Milošević's overthrow, Subotić maintained a connection with Montenegrin President Milo Đukanović, who granted him political favours just like Milošević had to other criminals previously.[9]

From 1994-2000, illegal cigarette smuggling in Italy was operated by the Serbian Mafia in coordination with the Italian Mafia.[10]
Serb and Montenegrin soldiers who had returned from the front-lines of the Yugoslav Wars found that the only way that they could make profits was by turning to lives of crime. The most common crimes were assassinations, kidnappings, drug and cigarette trafficking, robberies, money laundering, racketeering and
 illegal software production.[1]

In 1998, 350 kilograms of heroin were seized at the Serbian-Bulgarian border.[11]

Arkan's tomb

On 15 January 2000, Arkan was assassinated in the lobby of the Continental Hotel in Belgrade. The killer, Dobrosav Gavrić, was a 23-year-old police mobile brigade's junior member. Gavrić had ties to the Serbian Mafia.

Slobodan Milošević was dethroned in the October 2000 Bulldozer Revolution. However, a bloody feud soon emerged amongst the different criminal "clans" of Belgrade. The feud grew into an open war in which many of the key Mafia bosses were assassinated.[7]
In 2000, a total of €841,000,000 was determined to have been made in illegal profits in Serbia.[12]

By the early 2000s, the Serbian Mafia had more money than the Serbian government and was better armed than the Serbian Army and Serbian police, according to Serbian Interior Minister Dušan Mihajlović. He said that Slobodan Milošević had given life to crime-syndicates as a "state-sanctioned mafia". Prostitutes from Russia, Belarus and the Ukraine were smuggled into Serbia. After Milošević lost power, the Mafia began seeking a new contact in the government.[9] In September 2001, 700 kilograms of heroin was found in a bank vault rented by the BIA in central Belgrade. The illegal safekeeping was never explained, nor brought up.[11] In exchage for information about Kosovo Albanian terrorists, the Zemun Gang was provided "special training courses" by the Serbian Special Forces.[11]

In 2011,Dr. Gilly McKenzie, of the  
Interpol Organized Crime Unit
compiled a  "White Book" containing 52 
criminal organizations of Serbia, 
none of which had been terminated by the year's end. In the same year, it was concluded that the Protection rackets in the harbour cities of the Black Sea were run by Serbian, Russian and Ukrainian criminals.[13]


Prime Minister Zoran Đinđić was assassinated on  March 12th 2003, by members of the Special Operations

read more here... 
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbian_mafia

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