Adam of Bremen
|In hoc templo, quod totum ex auro paratum est, statuas trium deorum
veneratur populus, ita ut potentissimus eorum Thor in medio solium
habeat triclinio; hinc et inde locum possident Wodan et Fricco. Quorum
significationes eiusmodi sunt : 'Thor', inquiunt, 'praesidet in aere,
qui tonitrus et fulmina, ventos ymbresque, serena et fruges gubernat.
Alter Wodan, id est furor, bella gerit, hominique ministrat virtutem
contra inimicos. Tertius est Fricco, pacem voluptatemque largiens
mortalibus'. Cuius etiam simulacrum fingunt cum ingenti priapo.
||In this temple, entirely decked out in gold, the people worship the
statues of three gods in such ways that the mightiest of them, Thor, occupies a throne in the middle of the chamber; Wotan and Frikko
have places on either side. The significance of these gods is as
follows: Thor, they say, presides over the air, which governs the
thunder and lightning, the winds and rains, fair weather and crops. The
other, Wotan—that is, the Furious—carries on war and imparts to man
strength against his enemies. The third is Frikko, who bestows peace and
pleasure on mortals. His likeness, too, they fashion with an immense
 Poetic Edda
 Prose Edda
 Sagas of Icelanders
 Ynglinga saga
Odin had two brothers, the one called Ve, the other Vili, and they governed the kingdom when he was absent. It happened once when Odin had gone to a great distance, and had been so long away that the people of Asa doubted if he would ever return home, that his two brothers took it upon themselves to divide his estate; but both of them took his wife Frigg to themselves. Odin soon after returned home, and took his wife back.
 Other sagas
- "Ever will I Gods blaspheme
- Freyja methinks a dog does seem,
- Freyja a dog? Aye! Let them be
- Both dogs together Odin and she!"
- The whole race of men to win
- Odin's grace has wrought poems
- (I recall the exquisite
- works of my forebears);
- but with sorrow, for well did
- Viðrir's [Odin's] power please the poet,
- do I conceive hate for the first husband of
- Frigg [Odin], now I serve Christ. (Lausavísur 10, Whaley's translation)
 Gesta Danorum
"There were of old certain men versed in sorcery, Thor, namely, and Odin, and many others, who were cunning in contriving marvellous sleights; and they, winning the minds of the simple, began to claim the rank of gods. For, in particular, they ensnared Norway, Sweden and Denmark in the vainest credulity, and by prompting these lands to worship them, infected them with their imposture. The effects of their deceit spread so far, that all other men adored a sort of divine power in them, and, thinking them either gods or in league with gods, offered up solemn prayers to these inventors of sorceries, and gave to blasphemous error the honour due to religion. Some say that the gods, whom our countrymen worshipped, shared only the title with those honoured by Greece or Latium, but that, being in a manner nearly equal to them in dignity, they borrowed from them the worship as well as the name. This must be sufficient discourse upon the deities of Danish antiquity. I have expounded this briefly for the general profit, that my readers may know clearly to what worship in its heathen superstition our country has bowed the knee." (Gesta Danorum, Book I)
"At this time there was one Odin, who was credited over all Europe with the honour, which was false, of godhead, but used more continually to sojourn at Upsala; and in this spot, either from the sloth of the inhabitants or from its own pleasantness, he vouchsafed to dwell with somewhat especial constancy.
The kings of the North, desiring more zealously to worship his deity, embounded his likeness in a golden image; and this statue, which betokened their homage, they transmitted with much show of worship to Byzantium, fettering even the effigied arms with a serried mass of bracelets. Odin was overjoyed at such notoriety, and greeted warmly the devotion of the senders. But his queen Frigg, desiring to go forth more beautified, called smiths, and had the gold stripped from the statue.
Odin hanged them, and mounted the statue upon a pedestal, which by the marvellous skill of his art he made to speak when a mortal touched it. But still Frigg preferred the splendour of her own apparel to the divine honours of her husband, and submitted herself to the embraces of one of her servants; and it was by this man's device she broke down the image, and turned to the service of her private wantonness that gold which had been devoted to public idolatry. Little thought she of practicing unchastity, that she might the easier satisfy her greed, this woman so unworthy to be the consort of a god; but what should I here add, save that such a godhead was worthy of such a wife? So great was the error that of old befooled the minds of men.
Thus Odin, wounded by the double trespass of his wife, resented the outrage to his image as keenly as that to his bed; and, ruffled by these two stinging dishonours, took to an exile overflowing with noble shame, imagining so to wipe off the slur of his ignominy. At home, Frigg went with a certain Mith-Othin and took over Odin's properties, until Odin came back and drove them away. Frigg's death later cleared Odin's name and he regained his reputation." (Gesta Danorum, Book I)
But the gods, whose chief seat was then at Byzantium, (Asgard), seeing that Odin had tarnished the fair name of godhead by divers injuries to its majesty, thought that he ought to be removed from their society. And they had him not only ousted from the headship, but outlawed and stripped of all worship and honour at home...
 Persisting beliefs and folklore
 Santa Claus
 Modern influence
 Video Games
 Art and literature
- In a letter of 1946 J.R.R. Tolkien stated that he thought of Gandalf as an "Odinic wanderer." Other commentators have also compared Gandalf to Odin in his "Wanderer" guise – an old man with one eye, a long white beard, a wide brimmed hat, and a staff.
- Odin appears in the 1939 novel The Ship That Flew by Hilda Lewis.
- In the historical novel Votan by John James, a Greek merchant named Photinus is depicted as inadvertently inspiring the Odin mythology over the course of his travels through Northern Europe.
- Odin is the main God character in the 2001 novel American Gods by Neil Gaiman; the character of Odin is primarily called Mr. Wednesday and the All-Father in the novel.
- Odin appears in The Dresden Files by Jim Butcher living under the name Vadderung and is a "retired god" turned security specialist.
- Metal band Manowar often mentions Odin and Norse mythology in their songs, such as in "Sons of Odin" and "The Crown and the Ring".
- The 2011 TV series The Almighty Johnsons features Norse gods in modern New Zealand, the main character being Axl Johnson, who discovers on his 21st birthday he is the incarnation of Odin.
- Odin is a character in the Marvel Comics universe, in which he is the god-king of the Asgardians and father to the popular superhero Thor and the adoptive father of Thor's nemesis Loki. He was adapted from Norse mythology by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby. He was introduced in Journey into Mystery #86 in 1962 and appeared in the 2011 Marvel Studios film Thor in which he is portrayed by Anthony Hopkins.
 Germanic neopaganism
 See also
- List of Germanic deities
- Odin Brotherhood
- Odensholm – according to a legend, Odin is buried on the island
- Odin from Lejre
- New York Times
- Brian Murdoch (editor) (2004). German Literature of the Early Middle Ages. Camden House Publishing. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-57113-240-6.
- Rundkvist, Martin (April 2003). Post festum. Solid gold in the Vendel Period.. http://www.algonet.se/~arador/postfestum.html. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- Skaldskaparmal, in Edda. Anthony Faulkes, Trans., Ed. (London: Everyman, 1996).
- Jyllands-Posten, "Sensationelt fund af Odin-figur", November 14 2009 (in Danish).
- Njál's Saga or The Story of Burnt Njal, George W. DaSent transl. (1861).
- Craigie, William Alexanger (1914). The Religion Of Ancient Scandinavia. http://books.google.com/?id=sYZEZ9GiWqYC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Religion+Of+Ancient+Scandinavia#v=onepage&q=.
- T. Kendrick, "History of the Vikings" (1930), p.349, 350.
- The Younger Edda. Rasmus B. Anderson transl. (1897) Chicago: Scott, Foresman & Co. (1901).
- Lindow, John. Norse Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Heroes, Rituals, and Beliefs, pages 280–281. (2001) Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515382-0.
- Rasmus B. Anderson, Introduction to The Flatey Book. Norræna Society, London (1908).
- This short story is also known as "The Saga of Högni and Hedinn". English translation can be found at Northvegr: Three Northern Love Stories and Other Tales.
- Elton, Oliver (1905). The Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus. New York: Norroena Society. http://omacl.org/DanishHistory/book1.html.
- Elton, Oliver (1905). The Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus (Book III). New York: Norroena Society. http://omacl.org/DanishHistory/book3.html.
- Starbäck, Carl Georg, & Bäckström, Per Olof. Berättelser ur Svenska Historien. Stockholm: F. & G. Beijers Förlag (1885–86), Vol. 1, p. 325
- Schön, Ebbe. (2004). Asa-Tors hammare, Gudar och jättar i tro och tradition. Fält & Hässler, Värnamo. ISBN 91-89660-41-2 pp. 201–205.
- Kristensen, Evald Tang. (1980) Danske Sagn: Som De Har Lyd I Folkemunde, page 103. Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arnold Busck, Copenhagen. ISBN 87-17-02791-8
- McKnight, George Harley. St. Nicholas - His Legend and His Role in the Christmas Celebration (1917) Available on-line: 
- The Encyclopedia Americana (1920) (page 307) Available online: .
- Collier's Encyclopedia (1986) (Page 414)
- Found in Alvíssmál (6)
- Found in Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), Nafnaþulur, Óðins nöfn (6)
- Found in Nafnaþulur and Óðins nöfn (7)
- Found in Óðins nöfn (7)
- Siefker, Phyllis (2006). Santa Claus, Last of the Wild Men: The Origins and Evolution of Saint Nicholas, Spanning 50,000 Years. McFarland & Co.. pp. 171–173 and chap. 9. ISBN 978-0-7864-2958-5. http://books.google.com/?id=xSrjsgvCu8YC&printsec=frontcover&q.
- Harrison, D. & Svensson, K. (2007). Vikingaliv Fälth & Hässler, Värnamo. ISBN 978-91-27-35725-9 p. 63
- Jones, Leslie Ellen (2005). "Mercury". In Littleton, C. Scott. Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology. 6. Marshall Cavendish. p. 861. ISBN 0-7614-7559-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=u27FpnXoyJQC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved Feb. 16, 2012.
- <http://devilmaycry.wikia.com/wiki/Bolverk Bolverk's entry on the Devil May Cry Wiki.>
- Letters, no. 107.
- Burns, Marjorie (2005). Perilous Realms: Celtic and Norse in Tolkien's Middle-earth. University of Toronto Press. pp. 97. ISBN 0-8020-3806-9. http://books.google.com/?id=ZGzMwxyoi5wC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Perilous+Realms:+Celtic+and+Norse+in+Tolkien%27s+Middle-earth#v=onepage&q=.
- Confesiones Minoritarias - MINISTERIO DE JUSTICIA
 Further reading
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Odin|
- A. Asbjorn Jon's "Shamanism and the Image of the Teutonic Deity, Óðinn"
- Kevin J. Wanner, "God on the Margins: Dislocation and Transience in the Myths of Óðinn," History of Religions, 46,4 (2007), 316–350.
- Patton, Kimberley Christine (2009). "Myself to Myself: The Norse Odin and Divine Autosacrifice". Religion of the Gods: Ritual, Paradox, and Reflexivity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-509106-9. http://books.google.com/?id=8vmJcw1WBtQC&printsec=frontcover&q.